In learning English language, there are four language skills which should be understood by young learners. The four language skills are writing, listening, speaking, and reading. In understanding the English language, the learners have to understand and master all of those basic aspects. From those four language skills, listening and speaking take the important and significant roles in daily communication and educational process. Listening and speaking are the most vital skills in the success of direct communication.
Listening plays an important role in communication as it is said that, of the total time spent on communicating, listening takes up 40-50%; speaking, 25-30%; reading, 11-16%; and writing, about 9% (Mendelsohn, 1994). It can be conclude that, without mastering the listening and speaking, the meaning and the message of communication cannot be gained and delivered completely. Listening involves an active process of deciphering and constructing meaning from both verbal and non-verbal messages (Nunan, 1998).
The problem which will rise if someone doesn’t have a good ability in listening skill is getting misunderstanding when communicating with others. In studying second language, listening becomes the most difficult aspect which should be mastered. The results of surveys show that listening is a skill which cannot be neglected. Based on the TOEFL test found that listening is the most difficult skill that has to be controlled by students in Indonesia. This case can be understood because most of Indonesian people especially students do not have any opportunity for listening English except trough the show in television, radio, and film.
Moreover, most of teacher in Indonesia doesn’t use English when they are delivering the material in the class. The English language teachers are accustomed in delivering the lesson by using Bahasa Indonesia. The teacher just uses English in written form, such as reading passage on the textbook. The students will have assumption that English is just a lesson which should be learned in written form. This habit can stimulate students that studying English doesn’t need listening skill in a real life situation. It is very rare to find the use of English conversation in the classroom activity. This is the paradigm which should be handled effectively in the right way.
Nations will ruin without supportive young generation. That saying can be found in many articles and media. In building strong young generation, cognitive aspects are not the only on to think about. Literally, character education should be put in the list of it. Character is an ultimate tool for success. That is why it is important in parenting and education. Well, people often misunderstood about character building. They think that this kind of education is bringing religion in the classroom to make them know what the correct and incorrect is. It is not like that actually. The education is seen as a tool to manage development of moral, emotional, and also intellectual ability of students. It helps the students improve their self control, patience, discipline, and diligence.
There are some reasons why all schools should apply curriculum that is completed with character education. Recently, it is easy to find vandal actions done by students. To reduce that phenomenon, students should be equipped with education that can direct them to be more knowledgeable and intellectual. In this area, character building education is necessary. If they have good knowledge and skill, they will think twice for vandalism. They will spend the spare time with positive activities. So, they will not spread out in the road and do nothing. It is echoed in articles and journals that schools that help the students build their characters through education get good achievement. The academic performance of the students is higher than before. It also helps build students’ spirit to come to the class so that the attendance is improved. Disciplinary issues are rapidly fewer. It can be seen from the description above that character education is truly important.
After getting the reason why building character in education is important, it is time to go to the next point. That is about how to make the character education successful. To make it work, all elements should play the role well. It is not only the duty of school stakeholders since the students do not spend their time only in the school. Family members also have an important role to make this education successful.
If you do not really know about it, you may think that learning disability is something that is simple and is common to be found in the world of education. Well, it is so true that it is quite common in education. Even if it is so, it does not mean that the disability is really something simple. The fact is that is quite complicated and still raises different opinions and also debates. For you to know the disability can be explained as a certain difficulty that is experienced by someone in learning something and it shows a rather typical manner.
One thing that is still quite problematic about learning disability is that the cause is still unknown and cannot really be explained until now. It may be the reason why this disability is something that is placed in different category with learning disorder, something that can already be explained and diagnosed right now. Even if it is so, there are some possible causes that are mentioned by expert to be the reasons behind this disability. Some of these causes are; heredity, pregnancy problems, and also accident after birth.
Facing this disability is definitely not easy. Of course it is not only for those who are facing it but also for parents too. That is why, for parents whose kids are suffering from this disability the knowledge about the right management to deal with this is something that is basically needed. Thankfully, there are already quite a lot of management options that can be chosen right now. For example, there is a management that can be done by letting those who suffer from the disability to study based on the level of mastery that they have. This will help those people to learn something better without feeling any burden because of the learning disability.